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Κυριακή, 2 Δεκεμβρίου 2012

Σκοτ Φρέιζερ: Γιατί οι αυτόπτες μάρτυρες κάνουν λάθος

Ο Σκοτ Φρέιζερ μελετά το πώς οι άνθρωποι θυμούνται εγκλήματα και πώς φέρονται ως μάρτυρές τους. Σ' αυτή τη δυνατή ομιλία, η οποία επικεντρώνεται σε έναν πυροβολισμό που έγινε κατά τη δύση του ήλιου, υπονοεί ότι ακόμη και αυτόπτες μάρτυρες που βρέθηκαν πολύ κοντά στη σκηνή του εγκλήματος μπορούν να κατασκευάσουν «μνήμες» τις οποίες δεν θα μπορούσαν να έχουν δει. Γιατί; Γιατί ο εγκέφαλος είναι σαν την ηλεκτρική σκούπα. Scott Fraser is a forensic psychologist who thinks deeply about the fallibility of human memory and encourages a more scientific approach to trial evidence.


Why you should listen to him:

When it comes to witnesses in criminal trials, the accuracy of human memory can mean the difference between life and 
Animated Brain. The brain is divided into the ...
Animated Brain. The brain is divided into the following lobes: frontal,temporal ,parietal and occipital. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
death. Scott Fraser is an expert witness who researches what’s real and what’s selective when it comes to human memory and crime. His areas of expertise include human night vision, neuropsychopharmacology, and the effect of stress and other factors on the human mind. He has testified in criminal and civil cases throughout the U.S. in state and federal courts.
In 2011 Fraser was involved in the retrial of a 1992 murder case in which Francisco Carrillo was found guilty and sentenced to two life sentences in prison. Fraser and the team that hired him staged a dramatic reenactment of the night of the murder in question and showed the testimonies that had put Carrillo in jail were unreliable. After 20 years in jail for a crime he didn't commit, Carrillo was freed.



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